Agriculture & Allied

Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base, covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence the country has great potential for producing all types of food commodities. Pakistan is the agricultural super power in many ways but the yield is very low. There are 22.45 million hectares under cultivation area of which 16.5 million hectares only in Punjab.

Power & Energy

Pakistan is facing a severe power deficit since demand for electricity grew by 6-8% per annum in the past years without a commensurate addition in generation capacity. Power deficit estimated to cost the economy 2% of GDP per annum. Current power deficit stands between 5,000-8,000 MW. Current energy mix for power generation is heavily dependent on thermal power generation (approximately 70% of generation mix) and the focus is to encourage investments in indigenous resources to generate cheap electricity such as coal, nuclear, hydropower, solar and wind energy generation.

Total Installed Capacity – 22,797 MW

IPP Share – 9802 MW (43%)

Active Installed Capacity – 19,522 MW

Annual Power Generation 2012 – 12,277 MW

Mining &Gems

Pakistan has excellent mineral potential including precious metals, dimension stones, industrial minerals, rock salt, coal, etc. but the potential has not been developed commensurately. Mismatch primarily due to capital intensive nature of investment. The mining and quarrying sector grew by 7.6% in 2012-13 as against 4.6% for the year before. To date, over 1,400 mining concessions have been granted and the sector contributes 2.4$ to GNP.

Pakistan has a good edge for the gems and jewelry sector, the availability of gemstone as raw material is in abundance as well as the additional factor of low cost of production, talented, energetic, and hard working artisans are the significant promising features for investment. The value addition at source by gem processing will be in the interest investors as the raw material will be readily available and processing can be made comparatively at lower cost.

Infrastructure / Construction

Government of Pakistan recognizes the importance of improving and expanding its infrastructure services for sustaining economic and social development. Improved quality and service coverage in power and water supply, sewerage treatment, transport and logistics are vital for Pakistan’s economy and the livelihood of its people.

To effectively govern, facilitate the development and efficiently administer the PPP projects in Pakistan, PPP policy has been developed at the Federal level. Federal PPP policy has been approved by the Economic Coordination Committee of the Cabinet. The policy covers, but is not limited to, the following infrastructure sectors:

Transport and logistics

Mass Urban Public Transport

Local Government Services

Energy Projects

Tourism Projects

Industrial Projects

Irrigation Projects

Social infrastructure

Pakistan possesses huge potential to become a manufacturing and exporting hub of the auto industry for renowned original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) of the world. By 2013, there were 3,200 units of automotive industry with the investment of Rs 92 billion, employing 3.5 million people and producing annually 1.8 million motorcycles and 200,000 vehicles. The sector contributes 3% to the GDP. Vehicle Sales correlated with interest rate regime, especially for small-low and economy segments, whilst purchases in small-high (1300 CC and above) correlated with rising income level. The sector recorded significant positive growth of 17% during financial year 2012-2013. The auto-part Industry is generating exports of Rs 128 million.